Hoang Lien National Park covers different communes of Sapa, Lao Cai including San Sa Ho, Lao Chai, Ta Van, Ban Ho, a part of Van Ban district, and two communes Muong Khoa, Than Thuoc of Than Uyen, Lai Chau province. This is an ideal eco-tourism suitable for scientific research.
From Sapa town passing through a winding ramp of about 20km, you shall come to O Quy Ho – Hoang Lien pass in territory of the National Park. Continue going along the trail winding around mountain at elevation of over 1,000m above sea level, you will see overall landscape of mountain and forest here – a forest of vast trees covering with golden sunny strips that looms each flap of azalea, forest orchids, plum … which are blooming together; distantly, villages of ethnic minorities are hidden among thin mist…
Hoang Lien National Park – one of the important special-use forests of Vietnam – has total area of 29,845ha, including a high mountain system of Hoang Lien Son range, in which the Fansipan peak is of 3,143m high and the buffer area is of 38,724ha, consisting of Sa Pa town, some communes in Sapa district, a part of Van Ban District – Lao Cai province and two communes in Than Uyen district – Lai Chau province. Hoang Lien National Park is mainly primary forest with mountainous tropical vegetation and diversified fauna system.
As for flora system, there exist here over 2,000 species of plants typically as Bo tree, azaleas, plum…, of which about 66 species are recorded in Vietnam’s Red Book such as blue cypress, bamboo pine, red pine…, 32 rare species such as blue cypress species distributed limestone mount of Ban Ho commune (Sa Pa), red pine species found in Sa Pa town (Sa Pa), Van Sam Hoang Lien distributed in core area of national park (such three species are main materials used to extract a variety of rare medicines) and hundreds of precious herbs. Besides, several ancient mushroom species were also detected here distributed mainly in the high mountain areas of China and Vietnam.
Besides a rich forest flora, the fauna system is also diversifying with 66 species of mammals, popularly such as black gibbon, silver cheek langurs…, of which 16 species are listed in Vietnam’s Red Book; 347 species of bird such as large-spot eagles, red-crested pheasants…; 41 amphibians and 61 reptile species including rare spike frog ones recently found in Vietnam.
With such diversifying forest ecosystem, Hoang Lien National Park is considered one of the top biodiversity centers of the country. Particularly, this place also preserves and maintains numerous beautiful features of traditional culture of ethnic communities living in core and buffer zones of the National Park; that is singing and dancing activities of Mong, Dao, Giay people with musical instruments such as praise, flute, trumpet, Jew’s harp; housing architectures of ethnic minority.
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