Buon Ma Thuot Prison is located in Buon Ma Thuot City, Dak Lak Province. This is a U-shape building complex constructed by French colonialists in 1930.
Nowadays in this exciting Buon Ma Thuot City, many young people are probably surprised when they are told that over 50 years ago the city was thinly populated, surrounded by great wild jungle and considered as unwholesome jungle, malarial water, few people in plains wanted to set their steps on this place. At that time, there was a penitentiary (special jail for political prisoners).
The prison has total area of 2ha, surrounded by four walls which are 4m high and have four watching towers. Inside the walls are six ranges of jails and cells where prisoners were held in custody by a cruel and harsh regime.
Between 1930 and 1945, more than 3,500 political prisoners were kept in the prison, including Ho Tung Mau, Phan Dang Luu, Nguyen Chi Thanh, To Huu, Hong Chuong, Bui San, Tran Van Quang, Ngo Duc De.
Despite cruel torture, the communist prisoners turned the prison into a political training place. In late 1940, a secret force called “faithful force” was formed in the prison, which became the first Party cell set up in Dak Lak, contributing to the revolutionary movement in the province and laying a foundation for the 1945 uprising in Dak Lak.
The prison was recognized as a national historic-cultural relic in July 1980. It was restored in 1992 and 2006. Since 2015, the site welcomed a total of about 47,000 visitors.
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