Dong Thap is 165 km away from Ho Chi Minh City, bordered by Pray Veng Province (Cambodia) in the north with a length of more than 48 km; Vinh Long and Can Tho in the south; An Giang in the west; and Long An and Tien Giang in the east.
Don Thap is a newly cultivated area in about 17th and 18th century, under the Nguyen lords. Foundation of this area adhered to powerful struggling history against nature, dangerous animals and aggressors. The south of Dong Thap province whose center is Sa Đéc plays a very significant role. Many researches have shown that overseas Vietnamese got to come to Sa Đéc area for reclaiming and setting up hamlets at least at the end of 17th century or at the beginning of 18th century.
Generous natural conditions and submerged in-land ecosystem have awarded Dong Thap with multiple valuable ecotourism resources. The first which should be mentioned is Tram Chim National Park, known both locally and internationally. This is a miniature ecological model of Đồng Tháp Muoi and the habitat of red-head cranes – a precious bird species protected by the world. Tram Chim National Park also achieves 7 out of 9 criteria in the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance. Next is Gao Giong ecotourism site. This is a 2,000ha complex of cajeput forest where more than 15 species of precious birds live, nest and lay eggs. Besides, the site offers a rich variety of aquatic resources, etc.
Situated by the bank of annually windy Tien River of fertility and sun, the flower village of Sa Dec is the homeland of hundreds “uncanny flowers and strange herbs”. The village – one of the flower centers in the South – covers an area of around 300ha for planting flowers and ornamental trees. Here, you can see scarce and priceless bonsai of hundreds of years old. In addition to economic importance shown in high incomes brought to the regional economy, Sa Đéc flowers also include cultural, art, esthetic and environmental-protecting values. Having been planned for construction, the Sa Đéc flower village will soon become an interesting tourist site bearing original particularities of the Mekong Delta.
In Dong Thap, tourists can listen to sweet and tormenting Đồng Tháp chantey on borderless lotus fields or rice fields, visit the ancient architecture remains of Kien An Cung Pagoda (Ong Quach pagoda), Go Quan Cung – Giong Thi Dam monument, Doc Binh Vang Palace worshipping Tran Van Nang famous general, or My An crane garden, etc.
Traditional trade villages is one of the strengths to develop tourism in Đồng Tháp such as: Dinh Yen mat, Rach Ba Dai building yard village, Long Thuan towel weaving village, Hong Ngu fish breeding village, etc. speciality such as Lai Vung mandarin, Chau Thanh longan, Cao Lanh mango, Phong Hoa grapefruit, Lai Vung nem (fermented pork), Hoa An plum, Sa Giang shrimp cracker, and Sa Dec noodle; and folk dishes such as grilled field mice, “dien dien” flower sour soup, braised anabas fish in clay pot, grilled snakehead fish in young lotus leaf, snakes, frogs, and pickled mud fish, etc. are also advantages for tourism that attract visitors to come and enjoy.
Dong Thap is in the tropical climate zone, consistently in the whole province. There are two main seasons; rainy season from May to Nov, and dried season from Dec to Apr of the following year. Average rainfall ranges from 1,682-2,005mm, mostly in rainy season which accounts for 90-95% of annual rainfall. Such climate is fairly advantageous for agricultural development. The average temperature is 27C, of which the highest is 34.3C, and lowest is 21.8C. The hydrology of the province is under the influence of 3 factors: floodwater from upper Mekong River, in-field rain and tides of the South East Asia Sea. The hydrologic regime is divided into 2 seasons: exhausted season from December to June of the following year and flood season from July to November.
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