Binh Chau Phuoc Buu Nature Reserve is situated in Xuyen Moc District, Ba Ria Vung Tau Province. It is the only remaining coastal primary forest in Vietnam which has been listed as national forest since 1984.
With the total area of 11,293ha, the nature reserve contains three areas of low hills including Hong Nhung group (reaches 118m) in the north, Ho Linh group (reaches 162m) in the south, and Mo Ong group (reaches 120m) in the west. There are also fresh water lakes such as Coc Lake, Tram Lake, Linh Lake, Bang Lake and Nham Lake with beautiful scenery.
Forest in the nature reserve covers 7,224ha including 158 ground cover species , 147 timber species, 73 climbers species, 29 bushes species, 23 epiphytes species, 14 orchids species. The nature reserve also supports 49 species of mammal, 106 species of bird, 38 species of reptile and 12 species of amphibian. These include several globally threatened and near-threatened species, such as Bear Macaque, Siamese Fireback and Pale-capped Pigeon…
The most special spot in this forest is the 1 km2 area where the hot and boiling underground water concentrate. In this area, the water always bubble with smoke which resemble a giant steam bath. The temperature on the surface of this area is 64oC but the temperature at the bottom can be as heated as 85oC which is good for boiling eggs.
The shallow areas have the temperature of 40oC which is good for the treatment of skin diseases. The strange things about this boiling water area is the greenery of the Indigo forest and the overgrowing of a type of hard leaves grass.
Binh Chau Phuoc Buu Nature Reserve has been an attractive place for many scientist and nature lovers. It has been recognized by the World Tourism Organization as one of the 65 sustainable eco-tourism destination of the world.
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